When bone is exposed in an open wound or exposed to microorganisms via the blood it is prone to becoming infected. Removal of dead bone and intravenous antibiotic therapy remain the mainstays of treatment for bone infections.
When standard surgical and antibiotic treatments have failed to resolve a bone infection it may be as a result of too little oxygen available for white blood cell function. Elevating tissue oxygen levels via Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBO) can boost local immune function leading to a more effective response to surgery and antibiotic therapy.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Bone Infections
The addition of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBO) should be considered when bone infections have not resolved by appropriate surgical measures and antibiotic therapy. In settings where bone destruction by infection could rapidly lead to loss of life or function, such as the base of the skull or spine early addition of HBO may be appropriate.