What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic illness that typically develops before the age of 30, but can develop at any age. In a person with Type 1 diabetes, the body stops producing insulin, a hormone that regulates the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Your body needs insulin to break down the carbohydrates that the body uses for energy. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have Type 1 diabetes.

Is there a cure for Type 1 Diabetes?

There is no cure for Type 1 diabetes, but it can be treated successfully by administering insulin. Many medical advances have made it easier for people to manage their Type 1 diabetes, such as continuous glucose monitors and insulin pumps.

Should I follow a gluten-free diet with the diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes?

The only people who benefit from a gluten-free diet are those who have celiac disease or a gluten sensitivity. Celiac disease is more common among people with Type 1 diabetes, but it is still a small percentage of people.

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body is unable to use insulin properly, which is called insulin resistance. The primary risk factors for Type 2 diabetes are obesity and lack of exercise. Family history and genes also play a role in the development of Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes makes up about 90 percent of cases of diabetes.

Can I reverse my Type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes can be reversed or in remission if a person increases their physical activity, carefully monitors what they eat and loses weight (if not already at normal weight). Reversal or remission of Type 2 diabetes is defined as having normal blood sugars without taking any diabetes medications. It can be difficult to achieve this without some assistance. It is also important to note that Type 2 diabetes is progressive. This means that even if you are doing everything right, Type 2 diabetes could return as you age.

How many carbohydrates can I eat per day with the diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes?

This depends on your height and weight, your blood glucose, and whether or not you are trying to lose weight. Our diabetes clinicians can work with you to create an individualized meal plan.

General healthy eating guidelines for a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes:

  • Choose fewer processed foods and more fruits, vegetables and whole grains
  • Eat only when you are hungry, but at least twice a day
  • Be aware of your portion sizes and choose appropriate amounts of food

Does insurance cover diabetes education?

In most cases, insurance does cover diabetes education. There might be limits to how many visits you can have with a diabetes educator. If you want to come in for diabetes education, contact the Diabetes Management Center at Presbyterian/St. Luke’s (P/SL) by calling (720) 754-6891. We will give you information you can share with your insurance company to find out if diabetes education is covered by your health plan.

What makes the Diabetes Management Center at P/SL unique?

  • Our clinicians are trained to help people manage Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes and are also certified as insulin pump trainers.
  • We have endocrinologists available to patients at the hospital daily.
  • We offer both inpatient and outpatient individual education, along with group classes for diabetes education.
  • We offer a program that allows people to wear a continuous glucose monitor for one week and then review the data collected with the educators and your doctor.
  • Our diabetes educators are available to provide diabetes education to both adult and pediatric patients in the hospital. They help improve blood glucose control for patients by monitoring their blood sugars each day and making recommendations to their caregivers.
  • We have a protocol in place which allows patients to continue with insulin pump therapy while in the hospital.